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Stye | Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Treatment

Definition, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Treatment of Stye - Stye or in the medical language called hordeolum is a condition when a painful pimple that resembles a pimple or boil grows on the edge of the eyelid. Most stye only appears in one eye. This condition also generally does not adversely affect the vision ability of the sufferer. A stye usually occurs on the outer eyelid, but sometimes it can also appear on the inside. Spots that grow on the inside are more painful than those that grow outside.

Symptoms of stye

Indications of Stye easily detected from the emergence of red bumps that resemble boils on the eyelids. Other symptoms that accompany this condition include:

  • Watery eyes.
  • Blushing eyes or eyelids.
  • The eyelids are swollen and painful.

Almost all cases of Stye do not require special medical treatment and can heal themselves. However, the risk of complications persists. so you should see a doctor if your Stye shows no signs of improving after 2 days and the swelling spreads to other parts of the face, such as cheeks.

Understanding, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Treatment of Stye

Causes and Risk Factors of Stye

The main cause of Stye is staphylococcal bacteria. Examples of infections caused by bacteria that can trigger Stye are infections that occur in the roots of the lashes, oil glands, and sweat glands.

Staphylococcal bacteria usually live on human skin without causing disease. But the risk of Stye will increase if we touch the eyes with dirty hands. There are several other risk factors such as:

  • Using cosmetics that have expired.
  • Not cleaning cosmetics when going to sleep.
  • Wear non-sterile contact lenses or your hands are not clean when installing contact lenses.
  • Have inflammation of the eyelids or blepharitis, especially chronic types. This condition can be caused by bacterial infections or complications due to skin rosacea.

Stye treatment

Most Stye can heal on its own within 7 to 20 days. The stye will heal after breaking and removing the pus. However, never squeeze or break Stye's own bumps because it can trigger the spread of infection. Wait for the lump to break naturally.

There are simple steps you can take to reduce symptoms and discomfort from the nodule. Some of them are:

  • Maintain eye hygiene, for example by avoiding the use of cosmetics for a while.
  • Compress warm water for 5 to 10 minutes. Compressing the eyelids with warm water 2-3 times a day can reduce pain while accelerating healing.
  • Don't wear contact lenses. Avoid contact lenses until Stye heals.
  • Analgesic. You can take analgesics or painkillers if needed.

If Stye does not heal and the pain worsens, you should see a doctor. The handling step that is generally done is removing pus so that the pressure on the eye can be reduced.

Although rare, antibiotic use may be recommended. Especially if you also experience other complications, such as chalazion (a cyst caused by a blockage of one of the glands in the eyelid) or preseptal cellulitis (infection of the tissue around the eye).

Stye prevention

Maintaining eye hygiene is the most important step to avoid Stye. We can do this process through the following simple steps:

  • Don't rub your eyes. This action can trigger irritation and the transfer of bacteria to the eye.
  • Protect your eyes by always washing your hands before touching your eyes or wearing protective glasses when cleaning your house to avoid dust.
  • If you use contact lenses, wash and sterilize before use. Make sure you don't forget to wash your hands before installing.
  • Pay attention to the cosmetics you use. Avoid expired cosmetics, clean makeup on the eyes before going to bed, and dispose of cosmetics for the eyes that you have used before and when you have Stye.
  • Immediately handle infection or inflammation of the eyelids carefully.
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