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Conjunctivitis Treatment

The treatment of conjunctivitis done depends on the cause. The following are treatments that are classified based on the causes of conjunctivitis.

Infective conjunctivitis

There are several ways you can do it yourself to treat infective conjunctivitis because most of the cases do not require medical treatment and will disappear within 1-2 weeks. Below there are several ways you can do to relieve symptoms.

  • Use teardrops which are useful as lubricants to relieve pain and stick to the eyes. This medicine can be purchased freely at a pharmacy.
  • Wash your hands regularly after touching the infected eye so that it is not contagious.
  • Do not use contact lenses before the symptoms of the infection disappear or at least one day after completing treatment. Replace contact lenses that have been worn when infected because they might be a source of infection.
  • Use a dampened cotton cloth to gently clean the petals and eyelashes so that they are not sticky.

Conjunctivitis Treatment

If the symptoms don't go away after two weeks or the infection is severe enough, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics, one of which is chloramphenicol. Usually, the doctor will prescribe chloramphenicol eye drops as the main treatment. However, chloramphenicol in the form of an ointment will be prescribed if the patient does not match the shape of the drops. Vision may become opaque for 20 minutes after using an eye ointment. Be sure to follow the doctor's recommendations about using the drug.

In addition to chloramphenicol eye drops, there are also fusidic acid eye drops. Children, pregnant women, and elderly people are more suitable for using fusidic acid eye drops because their use does not need to be as frequent as other eye drops.

Allergic conjunctivitis

Before seeing a doctor, try doing self-medication at home first to relieve symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis. Compress the eyes with a cloth soaked in cold water and avoid exposure to allergens. Don't wear contact lenses until the symptoms of conjunctivitis disappear. For symptoms not to worsen, don't rub your eyes even if you feel itchy.

If allergic conjunctivitis does not subside, see a doctor. Your doctor will probably prescribe an antihistamine (either in the form of eye drops or oral) to relieve allergic symptoms. Examples of antihistamine drugs are azelastine, cetirizine, loratadine, fexofenadine, or emedastine. Use the medication as instructed by the doctor. In addition to antihistamines, short-term corticosteroid drugs in the form of gels, ointments, or probable creams are prescribed if the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis are severe.

In addition, there is also a drug called mast cell stabilizers which are useful for controlling allergy symptoms in the long term. The doctor may combine antihistamines with this drug because the effect of new mast cell stabilizers can be felt after several weeks of use. Examples of commonly prescribed mast cell stabilizers are nedocromil sodium, sodium cromoglicate, and lodoxamide.

See a doctor be examined further if you experience symptoms such as reduced vision, eye pain, one or both eyes are thick red, and photophobia or sensitivity to light. The examination aims to check whether the patient has a s*xually transmitted disease (such as chlamydia) that can cause infective conjunctivitis. If left unchecked, the symptoms of this disease can last up to several months.

Prevention of conjunctivitis

There are several ways you can do to prevent the spread of conjunctivitis, including:

  • Wash hands frequently and replaces pillowcases.
  • Use a clean towel or cloth and don't use someone else's towel.
  • Remove eye makeup that has been used and does not share makeup with other people.
  • Do not rub or touch the infected eye.
  • Clean the eyes with cotton, then wash your hands with warm water and soap.
  • Do not use eye drops that have been used for infected eyes to avoid transmission.
  • If you get an eye infection, don't go to work or go to school until conjunctivitis is no longer contagious.
  • Avoid using contact lenses when you have an eye infection. Instead, you can use glasses.
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