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6 Causes of Difficult Defecation

6 Causes of Difficult Defecation -The cause of constipation is often difficult to know with certainty. However, in general, there are several factors that can cause constipation or difficult bowel movements, including poor diet, pregnancy, delaying bowel movements, the influence of drugs, or due to certain health conditions. Constipation or constipation, in a medical language called constipation, occurs when the frequency of bowel movements decreases. Actually, the frequency of bowel movements can vary from person to person. There is no standard as to how many times you normally defecate in a day or a week. Some people defecate 1-2 times a week. Some others defecate up to three times a day. However, usually not defecating for three days or more can be said to be too long. This is because, after three days, the stool structure becomes harder and harder to remove.

Then what are the conditions that are generally the cause of constipation?

6 Causes of Difficult Defecation

Poor Diet

Lack of fruit fiber, vegetables, and cereals, and lack of fluids can trigger constipation. In addition, changes in diet and consuming too many dairy products can also cause bowel movements. In addition, eating disorders also contribute to constipation. People who have ideal body weight, such as being too thin or too fat, can also invite constipation.


About 40 percent of pregnant women experience constipation during pregnancy, especially in the early period of pregnancy. Constipation can be experienced by pregnant women because, during pregnancy, the body produces more progesterone, the effect of which can relax muscles, making it difficult for the intestinal muscles to contract. As a result, pregnant women have difficulty defecating.

Postpone defecation

Often children and adults have a reluctance to go to the toilet to defecate, whether for reasons of fear, shame, do not have privacy to use the toilet, or various other reasons. However, procrastinating to defecate when there is an urge to do so, it risks inviting constipation. In other words, hurry up in answering the call of nature.

Effects of Medications

Consumption of certain drugs can also cause side effects such as constipation. These drugs may include calcium supplements, iron supplements, antiepileptic drugs, antidepressants, antipsychotics, diuretic drugs, and pain relievers which may be opiates, such as codeine and morphine. In addition, medications to treat digestive disorders, such as aluminum antacids, can cause constipation as well.

Have Certain Health Conditions

In rare cases, difficulty in defecation can be considered a sign of certain medical conditions, such as diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, hypercalcemia or excess calcium in the blood, underactive thyroid gland, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, anal fissure, disease intestinal inflammation, colon or rectal cancer, or spinal cord injury.

Psychological Factors

Difficulty in defecation can occur in those who have psychological problems, such as stress, anxiety, depression, violent trauma, or s*xual abuse.

How to Deal with Difficult Defecation

The cause of constipation can vary from person to person. Likewise, the handling steps will depend on the cause and how severe your condition is. However, in general, constipation can be handled by changing lifestyles, as follows.

  • Inadequate need for water to prevent dehydration.
  • Expand to consume fiber, at least 18-30 grams per day. Fiber can be obtained from fruits, vegetables, or cereals.
  • You can take painkillers, such as paracetamol or aspirin if constipation has caused pain or discomfort. However, children under 16 years are not recommended to take aspirin.
  • When defecating on the toilet seat, position your feet on a low stool so that the knees are above the waist. This position makes dirt easier to come out.
  • Do more exercise. As simple as walking or light running is enough, as long as it's done routinely.
  • Apply bowel movements to the toilet, for example, when and in which toilet you are comfortable to defecate. Implementing this routine also needs to be done for your child. Help the child to get used to this activity and give praise or appreciation if the child has done it.
  • Do not delay to defecate when you feel the need and urge to do it.
  • If constipation occurs in children, give fruits to facilitate bowel movements, such as strawberries, apples, grapes, pears, or raisins. These fruits can also be given to adults.

If changing your lifestyle has not been successful, your doctor may prescribe laxatives for you. For pregnant women who experience constipation, consult your doctor before taking any medication.
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